Bullseye Automotive Products 5W-30, API SC/CC
Manufactured by Bullseye Automotive Products, Dolton, IL
Purchased in: AANNUS Corp., Phillipsburg, NJ
Date of purchase: 3-19-2012
Test Results on this sample indicate the product can cause damage to a passenger car engine.
This product is labeled as a 5W-30 motor oil, however, the PQIA test results on this sample show the 100șC viscosity is 34% below the minimum specification for a 5W-30. In addition, the CCS viscosity is 41% higher than the maximum limit for a 5W-30.
The product claims to comply with the obsolete API service category SC/CC, but the test results show the additive levels to be well below that required for SC/CC. In addition, the levels of silicon, aluminum, iron, sodium, and potassium are indicative of used oil. This oil should not be used in automobile engines as it could cause serious damage to most engines on the road today.
PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA
| The ranges and averages shown in the table below are for
current specifications (API SN GF-5). Comparison of sample tested is shown at right.
|TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896)||6.1 to 8.3||7.2||1.5|
|Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445)||9.3 to 12.5||10.5||6.1|
|Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445||55.8 to 65.2||61.88||36.8|
|Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270)||156 to 169||160||115|
|Viscosity @ -30ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293)||6,600 Max||5,775||9,330|
|Volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250ºC (ASTM D5800)||15 Max||14.2||26.1|
|Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762)||599 to 990||804.2||238.3|
|Calcium||1,570 to 2,460||2,051||129|
|Magnesium, ppm||6 to 46||12.3||10|
|Phosphorus, ppm||600 to 800||703||125|
|Zinc, ppm||766 to 868||791||8|
|Molybdenum, ppm||<1 to 269||60||<1|
|Boron, ppm||<1 to 237||79||2|
|Silicon, ppm-d||3 to 9||5||421|
|Potassium, ppm||9 to 17||11||44|
|Titanium, ppm||<1 to 114||11||<1|
|Sulfur, ppm||5,000 max||2,785||3,308|
|Sodium, ppm||5 to 454||172||27|
|Aluminum, ppm||<1 to 3||1||211|
|Iron, ppm||<1 to 1||1||59|
b- Standards, shown in yellow are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data for the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011.
c-Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.
d- Although silicon is used as an antifoam additive in lubricants, concentrations above 7ppm have been linked to contamination from abrasive material,
e- Average of the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011.