Petroleum Quality Institute of America

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality and performance of lubricants in the marketplace.  Our mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in themarketplace.





Everclear 5W-30 Motor Oil,  API SC/CC

Everclear of Ohio, LTD, Youngstown, Ohio




Test Results on this sample indicate the product can cause damage to a passenger car engines.



Brand: Everclear 5W-30 Motor Oil, API SC/CC

Manufacturer: Everclear of Ohio, LTD, Youngstown, Ohio

Purchased in: Wickliffe Shell, Austintown, OH

Date of purchase: January 6, 2011 


CONSUMER ALERT: The label on this product states it is a 5W-30 motor oil that “Protects the vital parts of your engine,” and “Combats rust and corrosion,” and “Works throughout a wide range of operating temperatures.”

In fact, PQIA's test results show this product clearly is not a 5W-30, and does not meet any recognized specifications for motor oil.  The 100C viscosity for this oil is nearly 30% below where it should be for a 5W-30, and the -30C viscosity is 2.5 times the maximum allowed.  In addition, this oil lacks the critical additives needed to meet original equipment manufacturer’s requirements to protect automobiles currently on the road.  Further, the product tested contains high levels of copper and silicon.

The sample tested shows an oil that should not be used in an automobile engine as it could cause serious engine damage.






PHYSICAL TESTS Standard/ranges-b Average-e


 TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896) 7.4 to 9.0 8.0 0.1
 Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445) 9.3 to 12.5 10.39 6.58
 Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445 55.0 to 82.0 60.48 42.29
 Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270) 156 to 167 163 107
 Viscosity @ -30ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293) 6,600 Max 5,793 16,270
 Volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250ºC (ASTM D5800) 15 Max 13.5 19.4
    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762) 720 to 1,000 860 94
    Calcium  1,648 to 2,301 2,043 2
    Magnesium, ppm  6 to 43 11 1
    Phosphorus,  ppm 600 to 800 772 164
    Zinc, ppm  789 to 887 851 3
    Molybdenum,  ppm  <1 to 226 93 0
    Barium, ppm  <1 <1 0
    Boron,  ppm  <1 to 246 84 0
    Silicon,  ppm-d  4 to 8 5 40
    Potassium, ppm  <1  <1 0
    Manganese, ppm  <1 to 8 1 1
    Titanium, ppm  <1 <1 0
    Sulfur, ppm  5,000 max 3,021 3,697
    Copper, ppm  <1  <1 26
    Sodium, ppm  <1 to 467 82 0
    Vanadium, ppm  <1 <1 0
    Silver, ppm  <1 <1 0
    Aluminum, ppm  <1 to 2 <1 1
    Chromium, ppm  <1 <1 0
    Iron, ppm  <1 to 1 1 11
    Nickel, ppm  <1 <1 1
    Lead, ppm  <1 to 1 <1 0
    Antimony, ppm  <1 <1 0
    Tin, ppm  4 to 5 5 2

a- Click here for product label.

b- Standards, shown in orange, are established for current API SM, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data for the majors shown.

c-Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

d- Although silicon is used as an antifoam additive in lubricants, concentrations above 7ppm have been linked to contamination from abrasive material,

e- Average of the 10 major API SM brands tested. Click here for brands tested.



Everclear 5W-30 Motor Oil (API SC/CC)
The American Petroleum Institute sets forth a number of laboratory and engine tests required to meet an API SM performance specification. Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if an engine oil meets API SM, they can be used to determine if it doesn't.

What follows is a comparison of the test results for Everclear 5W-30 Motor Oil as compared to the API SM ILSAC GF-4 requirements.

The API limits for each test are shown by the yellow bars. The test result for Everclear 5W-30 Motor Oil are illustrated by the horizontal line.


The viscometrics of Everclear 5W-30 Motor Oil (API SC/CC) does not meet the required targets for a 5W-30 (SAE J300 specification).


Volatility Phosphorus

Click here for more on Volatility.