Petroleum Quality Institute of America

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality and performance of lubricants in the marketplace.  Our mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in themarketplace.

 

 

 

 

 

XCEL SAE10W-40  API SA

 XCEL Lubricants, Tampa, FL

 

Purchased in: Lakeland, Florida

Date of purchase: December 12, 2012

 

All tests conducted on this sample meet the specifications for API SA 10W-40 Engine oil. 

 

 

 

The Standard below are for the latest specification (API SN GF-5), and the Ranges and Averages are based on the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011. Click here for more on API Service Categories

 

PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA

TEST PROGRAM

The ranges and averages shown in the table below are for
current specifications (API SN GF-5). Comparison of sample tested is shown at right.




PHYSICAL TESTS Standard/ranges-b Average-e Xcel
 TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896) 6.1 to 8.3 7.2 0.59
 Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445) 12.5 to 16.3 n/a 12.6
 Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445   n/a 84.7
 Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270)   n/a 146
 Viscosity @ -25ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293) 7,000 Max n/a 5,054
 Volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250ºC (ASTM D5800) 15 Max 14.2 n/r
 ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS-c      
Additives
    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762) 599 to 990 804.2 n/r
    Calcium  1,570 to 2,460 2,051 51
    Magnesium, ppm  6 to 46 12.3 11
    Phosphorus,  ppm 600 minimum 703 45
    Zinc, ppm  766 to 868 791 30
    Molybdenum,  ppm  <1 to 269 60 <1
    Barium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
 
    Boron,  ppm  <1 to 237 79 <1
    Silicon,  ppm-d  3 to 9 5 2
    Potassium, ppm 9 to 17 11 <1
    Manganese, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Titanium, ppm  <1 to 114 11 <1
    Sulfur, ppm   2,785 n/r
    Copper, ppm  <1  <1 <1
    Sodium, ppm  5 to 454 172 3
    Vanadium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
Contaminants
    Silver, ppm  <1 <1   <1
    Aluminum, ppm  <1 to 3 1   2
    Chromium, ppm  <1 <1   <1
    Iron, ppm  <1 to 1 1   1
    Nickel, ppm  <1 <1   <1
    Lead, ppm  <1 <1   <1
    Antimony, ppm  <1 <1   <1
    Tin, ppm  <1 <1   <1

a- Click here for product label.

b- Standards, shown in orange, are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data for the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011.

c-Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM D5185.

d- Although silicon is used as an antifoam additive in lubricants, concentrations above 7ppm have been linked to contamination from abrasive material,

e- Average of the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011.

 

 
 
   
FRONT AND BACK LABELS FROM PRODUCT TESTED