Petroleum Quality Institute of America

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality and performance of lubricants in the marketplace.  Our mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in themarketplace.

 

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XCEL 10W-30 MOTOR OIL API SA

XCEL Lubricants, Tampa, FL

 

Purchased in: Lakeland, Florida

Date of purchase: December 12, 2012

 

The results of the tests conducted on this sample meet the requirements of an API SA, SAE 10W-30 Engine oil.

 

 

 

 

PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA

TEST PROGRAM

 

 

The ranges and averages shown in the table below are for
current specifications (API SN GF-5)
Xcel
PHYSICAL TESTS Standard/ranges-b Average-e
 TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896) 6.1 to 8.3 7.2 0.47
 Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445) 9.3 to 12.5 10.5 10.8
 Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445 55.8 to 65.2 61.88 69.7
 Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270) 156 to 169 160 144
 Viscosity @ -25ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293) 7,000 Max 5,775 5,233
 Volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250ºC (ASTM D5800) 15 Max 14.2 n/r
ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS-c      
Additives
    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762) 599 to 990 804.2 n/r
    Calcium  1,570 to 2,460 2,051 77
    Magnesium, ppm  6 to 46 12.3 3
    Phosphorus,  ppm 600 to 800 703 34
    Zinc, ppm  766 to 868 791 40
    Molybdenum,  ppm  <1 to 269 60 <1
    Barium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
 
    Boron,  ppm  <1 to 237 79 4
    Silicon,  ppm-d  3 to 9 5 1
    Potassium, ppm 9 to 17 11 3
    Manganese, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Titanium, ppm  <1 to 114 11 <1
    Sulfur, ppm  5,000 max 2,785 n/r
    Copper, ppm  <1  <1 <1
    Sodium, ppm  5 to 454 172 5
    Vanadium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
Contaminants
    Silver, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Aluminum, ppm  <1 to 3 1 1
    Chromium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Iron, ppm  <1 to 1 1 1
    Nickel, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Lead, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Antimony, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Tin, ppm  <1 <1 <1

a- Click here for product label.

b- Standards, shown in yellow are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data for the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011.

c-Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

d- Although silicon is used as an antifoam additive in lubricants, concentrations above 7ppm have been linked to contamination from abrasive material,

e- Average of the 13 major brands of API SN ILSAC GF-5 tested in September 2011.

 

 

FRONT AND BACK LABELS FROM PRODUCT TESTED