Petroleum Quality Institute of America

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality and performance of lubricants in the marketplace.  Our mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in themarketplace.

 

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Valvoline 5W-30 API SN/SM ILSAC GF-5 NextGen

Valvoline A Commerical Unit of Ashland Inc.

 

Purchased in: AutoZone 1677 561 US Highway, Edison, NJ

Date of purchase: 9/17/2011

 

 

 

 

All tests conducted on this sample meet the specifications for API SN and ILSAC GF-5 5W-30 Engine oil.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA

TEST PROGRAM

PHYSICAL TESTS Standard/ranges-b Average-e

Valvoline

NextGen

 TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896) 6.1 to 8.3 7.2 6.1
 Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445) 9.3 to 12.5 10.5 10.90
 Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445 55.8 to 65.2 61.88 64.94
 Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270) 156 to 169 160 160
 Viscosity @ -30ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293) 6,600 Max 5,775 5,755
 Volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250ºC (ASTM D5800) 15 Max 14.2 14.8
ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS-c      
Additives
    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762) 599 to 990 804.2 673.3
    Calcium  1,570 to 2,460 2,051 1,583
    Magnesium, ppm  6 to 46 12 9
    Phosphorus,  ppm 600 to 800 703 690
    Zinc, ppm  766 to 868 791 766
    Molybdenum,  ppm  <1 to 269 60 <1
    Barium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
 
    Boron,  ppm  <1 to 237 79 1
    Silicon,  ppm-d  3 to 9 5 4
    Potassium, ppm 9 to 17 11 10
    Manganese, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Titanium, ppm  <1 to 114 11 <1
    Sulfur, ppm  5,000 max 2,785 2,286
    Copper, ppm  <1  <1 <1
    Sodium, ppm  5 to 454 172 437
    Vanadium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
Contaminants
    Silver, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Aluminum, ppm  <1 to 3 1 <1
    Chromium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Iron, ppm  <1 to 1 <1 1
    Nickel, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Lead, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Antimony, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Tin, ppm  <1 <1 <1

a- Click here for product label.

b- Standards, shown in orange, are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data for the major brands tested.

c-Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

d- Although silicon is used as an antifoam additive in lubricants, concentrations above 7ppm have been linked to contamination from abrasive material,

e- Average of the 10 major brands tested. Click here for brands tested.

f- The specification of 15 max is expressed in two significant figures and therefore this result meets specification.

 

 
Valvoline NextGen
The American Petroleum Institute sets forth a number of laboratory and engine tests required to meet an API SN ILSAC GF-5 performance specification. Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if an engine oil meets API SN, they can be used to determine if it doesn't.

The following is a comparison of the test results for the sample of Valvoline NextGen tested with the API SN ILSAC GF-5 requirements.

 
Viscometrics

The viscometrics meet the required targets for an SAE 5W-30 API (SAE J300 specification).

 

   
Volatility Phosphorus
 

The volatility meets the requirements for an API SN ILSAC GF-5 designation. 

Click here for more on Volatility.

The phosphorus content meets the requirements for an API SN designation.

 

 

 
   
   
FRONT AND BACK LABELS FROM PRODUCT TESTED