June 2010

Click Bottles Below for More Detail

Test Results 10W-30 Motor Oils

 

               
PHYSICAL TESTS (click test for details)
Standards/ranges-a
Certified                  
   TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896)
 
7.1                  

   Viscosity @ 100șC, cSt, (ASTM D445)

9.3 to 12.5
10.22                  
   Viscosity @ 40șC, cSt, (ASTM D445)
 
67.7                  
   Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270)

 

138                  
   Viscosity @ -25șC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293)
7,000 Max
6,270                  
   NOACK volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250șC (ASTM D5800)
15 Max
13.0                  
ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS-b,c
Additives                    
    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762)   730                  
    Calcium, ppm   1,550                  
    Magnesium, ppm   6                  
    Phosphorus ,ppm
600 to 800
715                  
    Zinc, ppm   788                  
    Molybdenum,  ppm   <1                  
    Barium, ppm

 

<1                  
Additive and/or other                    
    Boron,  ppm
 
<1                  
    Silicon,  ppm
 4 to 8
5                  
    Potassium, ppm
 <1
<1                  
    Manganese, ppm
 <1 to 8
<1                  
    Titanium, ppm
 <1
<1                  
    Sulfur, ppm

5,000 max

2,175                  
    Copper, ppm
 <1
<1                  
    Sodium, ppm
 
403                  
    Vanadium, ppm
 <1
<1                  
Contaminants                    
    Silver, ppm
 <1
<1                  
    Aluminum, ppm
 <1 to 2
<1                  
    Chromium, ppm
 <1
1                  
    Iron, ppm
 <1 to 1
1                  
    Nickel, ppm
 <1
<1                  
    Lead, ppm
 <1 to 1
<1                  
    Antimony, ppm
 <1
<1                  
    Tin, ppm
 4 to 5
4                  

  a- Standards, shown in black, are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data ranges for the major's 5W-30 API SM GF-4.

  b-Test Method used for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

  c- ASTM D5185-09 Reproducibility by Element.

  d-PittPenn identified as an "API USA" Metals test data rechecked (click here for recheck data).

Note: Should a lubricant manufacturer have independent test data (bench or engine) that shows its lubricant offers higher quality and/or performance than others, we welcome this information and remain prepared to publish it on this website if and when provided.

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