June 2010

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Test Results 5W-30 Motor Oils

 

 

 

 

PQIA ADVISORY

PQIA ADVISORY

PQIA ADVISORY

 

       
PHYSICAL TESTS (click test for details)
Standards/ranges-a
Road-Tech Pilot

Sheetz

US Economy O'Reilly          
   TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896)
7.4 to 9.0
6.6 6.9 6.7 12.3 6.6          

   Viscosity @ 100șC, cSt, (ASTM D445)

9.3 to 12.5
10.29 10.52 11.28 11.66 10.07          
   Viscosity @ 40șC, cSt, (ASTM D445)
55.0 to 82.0
62.2 59.26 70.55 85.57 59.73          
   Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270)

156 to 167

155 170 154 129 157          
   Viscosity @ -30șC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293)
6,600 Max
6,610 4,830 5,100 >25,000 5,930          
   NOACK volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250șC (ASTM D5800)
15 Max
14.8 12.9 17.1 13.3 15.6          
ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS-b,c
Additives Road-Tech Pilot

Sheetz

US Economy O'Reilly

 

       
    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762)

720 to 1000

600 680 680 1,000 700          
    Calcium, ppm
 1648 to 2301
2,121 1,907 1,909 3,081 1,546          
    Magnesium, ppm
 6 to 43
11 13 7 142 6          
    Phosphorus ,ppm
600 to 800
736 785 786 911 705          
    Zinc, ppm

 789 to 887

810 868 866 1,259 780          
    Molybdenum,  ppm

 <1 to 226

16 10 9 93 <1          
    Barium, ppm

 <1

<1 <1 <1 1 <1          
Additive and/or other Road-Tech Pilot

Sheetz

US Economy O'Reilly

 

       
    Boron,  ppm
 <1 to 246
105 <1 <1 27 <1          
    Silicon,  ppm
 4 to 8
5 3 4 9 3          
    Potassium, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Manganese, ppm
 <1 to 8
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Titanium, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Sulfur, ppm

5,000 max

2,925 3,308 3,351 8,059 2,148          
    Copper, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 1 <1          
    Sodium, ppm
 <1 to 467
<1 <1 <1 <1 406          
    Vanadium, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
Contaminants Road-Tech Pilot

Sheetz

US Economy O'Reilly

 

       
    Silver, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Aluminum, ppm
 <1 to 2
<1 <1 <1 1 <1          
    Chromium, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Iron, ppm
 <1 to 1
1 1 1 6 1          
    Nickel, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Lead, ppm
 <1 to 1
<1 1 1 1 1          
    Antimony, ppm
 <1
<1 <1 <1 <1 <1          
    Tin, ppm
 4 to 5
6 5 6 5 4          

  a- Standards, shown in black, are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data ranges for the majors.

  b-Test Method used for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

  c- ASTM D5185-09 Reproducibility by Element.

  Note: Should a lubricant manufacturer have independent test data (bench or engine) that shows its lubricant offers higher quality and/or performance than others, we welcome this information and remain prepared to publish it on this website if and when provided.

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