Petroleum Quality Institute of America

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality and performance of lubricants in the marketplace.  Our mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in the marketplace.






Accel SAE 5W-30 Motor Oil Motor Oil API SM ILSAC GF-4

Manufactured by Warren Performance Products, Omaha, NE





Purchased in: Belle Vernon, PA

Date of purchase: October 22, 2010




All tests conducted on this sample meet the specifications for API SM and ILSAC GF-4 5W-30 Engine oil.






PHYSICAL TESTS Standard/ranges-b Average-e

Accel  5W-30

 TBN, mg KOH/g, (ASTM D2896) 7.4 to 9.0 8.0 7.8
 Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445) 9.3 to 12.5 10.39 10.74
 Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445 55.0 to 82.0 60.48 64.54
 Viscosity Index (ASTM D2270) 156 to 167 163 159
 Viscosity @ -30ºC mPa s (cP) (ASTM D5293) 6,600 Max 5,793 6,140
 Volatility, mass % loss, 1 hr, @ 250ºC (ASTM D5800) 15 Max 13.5


see footnote "f"

    Nitrogen μg/g (ASTM D-5762) 720 to 1,000 860 770
    Calcium  1,648 to 2,301 2,043 1,705
    Magnesium, ppm  6 to 43 11 6
    Phosphorus,  ppm 600 to 800 772 759
    Zinc, ppm  789 to 887 851 835
    Molybdenum,  ppm  <1 to 226 93 <1
    Barium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
Additive and/or other
    Boron,  ppm  <1 to 246 84 1
    Silicon,  ppm-d  4 to 8 5 2
    Potassium, ppm  <1  <1 <1
    Manganese, ppm  <1 to 8 1 <1
    Titanium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Sulfur, ppm  5,000 max 3,021 2,262
    Copper, ppm  <1  <1 <1
    Sodium, ppm  <1 to 467 82 355
    Vanadium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Silver, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Aluminum, ppm  <1 to 2 <1 1
    Chromium, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Iron, ppm  <1 to 1 1 1
    Nickel, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Lead, ppm  <1 to 1 <1 <1
    Antimony, ppm  <1 <1 <1
    Tin, ppm  4 to 5 5 2

a- Click here for product label.

b- Standards, shown in orange, are established by API, SAE and others. Ranges, shown in teal, represent the high and low data for the majors shown.

c-Test Method for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

d- Although silicon is used as an antifoam additive in lubricants, concentrations above 7ppm have been linked to contamination from abrasive material,

e- Average of the 10 major brands tested. Click here for brands tested.

f- The specification of 15 max is expressed in two significant figures and therefore this result meets specification.


Accel SAE 5W-30 Motor Oil
The American Petroleum Institute sets forth a number of laboratory and engine tests required to meet an API SM performance specification. Although laboratory tests alone cannot be used to establish if an engine oil meets API SM, they can be used to determine if it doesn't.

What follows is a comparison of the test results for Accel SAE 5W-30 Motor Oil as compared to the API SM ILSAC GF-4 requirements.

The API limits for each test are shown by the yellow bars. The test result for Meijer Premium 5W-30 Motor Oil are illustrated by the horizontal line.


The viscometrics of Accel SAE 5W-30 Motor Oil meets the required targets for a 5W-30 API SM (SAE J300 specification).


Volatility Phosphorus
The volatility of Accel SAE 5W-30 Motor Oil meets the parameters required for an API SM ILSAC GF-4 designation.

Click here for more on Volatility.

The phosphorus content in Accel SAE 5W-30 Motor Oil meets the requirements for an API SM ILSAC GF-4 designation.