Petroleum Quality Institute of America

The Petroleum Quality Institute of America (PQIA) is an independent resource for information and insights on the quality and performance of lubricants in the marketplace.  Our mission is to serve the consumer of lubricants by reporting on the quality and integrity of lubricants in themarketplace.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CLICK FOR LARGER IMAGE Orbit Type A Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF)
 

Manufactured by: Orbit Oil, Gary Indiana

 

Purchased at:  Saint Louis, MO

Date of purchase: 12/31/2013

Consumer Alert:

The label on this product says Automatic Transmission Fluid, Type A.  The test results show the sample is more than 70% below the minimum viscosity requirement for a Type A ATF.  In addition, the flash point is 24C below the minimum requirement for a Type A ATF. Use of this oil will cause damage to automatic transmissions.

It should also be noted that Type A is an OBSOLETE specification intended for use in General Motors automatic transmissions built prior to 1957.  Click Transmission Fluid Time Line 

 

PETROLEUM QUALITY INSTITUTE OF AMERICA

 TEST PROGRAM

 

 
PHYSICAL TESTS Orbit ATF Test Results
    Brookfield Viscosity @ -40C, cP 3,500
    Viscosity @ 100ºC, cSt, (ASTM D445) 2.3
    Viscosity @ 40ºC, cSt, ASTM D445 9.5
    Flash Point C (ASTM D92) 161
    Viscosity Index  
ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS-c  
Additives  
    Calcium <1
    Magnesium, ppm <1
    Phosphorus,  ppm 5
    Zinc, ppm 4
    Molybdenum,  ppm <1
    Barium, ppm <1
 
    Boron,  ppm <1
    Silicon,  ppm-d 12
    Potassium, ppm <1
    Manganese, ppm <1
    Titanium, ppm <1
    Copper, ppm <1
    Sodium, ppm <1
    Vanadium, ppm <1
Contaminants
    Silver, ppm <1
    Aluminum, ppm <1
    Chromium, ppm <1
    Iron, ppm <1
    Nickel, ppm <1
    Lead, ppm <1
    Antimony, ppm <1
    Tin, ppm <1

a- Average of 10 samples tested in February 2012.

b- Dexron III, 170C minimum, Mercon®, 177 C minimum.

c-Test Method used for metal analysis is ASTM ASTM D5185.

d- ASTM D5185-09 Reproducibility by element.

 

 

 
FRONT AND BACK LABELS FROM PRODUCT TESTED